2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease, representing 90-95% of people
with diabetes. It was previously known as adult-onset or non-insulin dependent
diabetes because it most often occurs after age 40. However, a recent trend has
emerged in which type 2 diabetes in being diagnosed in children, adolescents and
young adults. Currently, studies are underway to better define the populations
at highest risk for this form of diabetes, so that preventative measures may be
taken and appropriate behavioral and medical therapies may be developed.
Path Toward Type 2 Diabetes
adults, one of the greatest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is excess weight.
The same is likely true for children with diabetes. As an individual gains weight,
the extra weight causes the cells of the body to become resistant to the effects
of insulin. The pancreas responds by producing more and more insulin, which eventually
begins to build up in the blood. High levels of insulin in the blood, a condition
called insulin resistance, may cause problems such as high blood pressure and
harmful changes in the levels of different fats (cholesterol) in the blood. Insulin
resistance, is the first step on the path to type 2 diabetes.
second step to type 2 diabetes is a condition called impaired glucose tolerance.
Impaired glucose tolerance occurs when the pancreas becomes exhausted and can
no longer produce enough insulin to move glucose out of the bloodstream into cells.
Glucose begins to build up in the blood. If it is not diagnosed and not treated,
this gradual rise in glucose often leads to type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure,
and heart disease--in any order and in any combination.
all these harmful activities are going on inside the body, the affected individual
may feel perfectly fine. Type 2 diabetes is considered a silent disease because
it works its destruction over many years without causing any noticeable symptoms.
That's why half of the people who have type 2 diabetes don't know it. You or someone
you love could have diabetes.
and Managing Type 2 Diabetes
best way to help prevent and manage Type 2 diabetes is to adopt and follow a healthy
lifestyle, which is recommended for everyone.
of Healthy Living for Type 2 Diabetes Management and Prevention
glucose monitoring and management
of tobacco use
(in adults) or no alcohol comsumption
with permission from the New York State Department of Health Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Diabetes Translation.
On The Road with Diabetes